Central- Eastern- European Recreational Association
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Reports
VIII. évfolyam, 1. szám
Title
Angol zászlóThe presence of orthorexia nervosa in the fitness and health practice – review

Authors:
Bóna Enikő
Keywords:
orthorexia nervosa, subclinical disordered eating, review article, body image
DOI:
10.21486/recreation.2018.8.1.3
Abstract
Orthorexia nervosa, also known as healthfood addiction was first described in 1997. Although it is not part of the DSM as an eating disorder, it may become pathological if obsessive thinking, compulsive behavior, selfpunishment and escalating restriction take over the individual’s everyday thoughts. The aim of this study is to provide an overview and synthesis of the current body of literature about the relationship between fitness environments and the prevalence of orthorexia. Results: We used the online academic databases of Pubmed, ScienceDirect and Web of Science to obtain the selected eight peer reviewed, scientific articles then analyzed them descriptively. We found that health as a moral imperative is present in western culture, often presented in the form of misleading information. This can bring anxiety because of obeying the socioculturally dictated rules, preoccupation with health food, or narrowed thinking. Discussion and Conclusions: The employees of the industry should be aware that they work in a high-risk environment of body image issues and eating disorders. Thus, raising awareness and further prospective research is essential